On an individual basis, the firm will sponsor
employees from a foreign nation. The sponsorship itself is a multi-step
process. Typically the sponsorship program begins with either Curricular
Practical Training (CPT)
or Optional Practical Training (OPT)
for internships or co-ops.
After satisfactory completion of the
OPT/CPT, and at the discretion of management, full-time
employment may be offered. If the offer is accepted then the application and
sponsorship for the
H-1B Petition for a Nonimmigrant Worker may begin. Once the
H-1B is received by the employee
and management�s approval the permanent resident application process may begin.
Labor Certification Application (LCA) is the first of three steps in the
permanent resident process. There are two tracks available for this process,
one being through the State Workforce Agency (SWA) and the other process known
as Reduction in Recruitment (RIR). Sponsorship as well as which route will be
taken is subject to the discretion of management.
Once the LCA is received the
I-140 Immigrant Petition for an Alien Worker can be filed on
behalf of the employee.The approval of this petition gives the employee the
right to file their personal application for permanent resident status.
Currently the entire process can take as little as two years or more than ten
years. Selection of an attorney as well as legal and filing fees are typically
paid by the responsible party.